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The history of private members clubs and some of the best clubs in the world

A private members club with a wine cellar and a wooden table and chairs.

Discover the history of exclusive private members clubs around the world

Private members clubs have long been a fixture in the social landscape, offering an exclusive haven for socialisation, relaxation, and networking. Historically, these clubs began as elitist enclaves for the wealthy and influential, primarily in 17th-century London. Originally, they were gentlemen’s clubs, reserved for society’s upper class, providing a retreat from the rigours of high society life.

Over the years, these establishments have evolved significantly. From their exclusive, male-only origins, they have transformed into more inclusive and diverse spaces, welcoming members from various backgrounds and offering a wide range of amenities. Today’s private members clubs blend tradition with modernity, catering to contemporary needs while retaining an air of exclusivity and sophistication.

History and Evolution of Private Members Clubs

The roots of private members clubs trace back to the late 17th century in the West End of London. Initially, these establishments were the exclusive domain of aristocratic and wealthy men. They served as sanctuaries from the pressures of work and family, where the elite could engage in leisure and networking.

Membership was stringently controlled based on class and gender, with women entirely excluded from joining. These early clubs also provided a discreet environment for activities like gambling, which was otherwise illegal outside members-only establishments. Prospective members underwent a rigorous selection process by committees scrutinising their character and suitability.

As society progressed, these clubs began to evolve. By the late 19th century, several private members’ clubs for women were established, marking a significant shift in the club culture. This change paved the way for many traditional gentlemen’s clubs to open their doors to women members, though a few, like the Garrick Club in London’s Covent Garden, continued to uphold the male-only tradition. This transformation reflected broader societal changes and increased demand for more inclusive and diverse social spaces​​.

What are Private Members Clubs?

Private members clubs are organisations that provide a range of facilities and services exclusively to their members, who gain access through a paid membership. These clubs have a rich history, with many still being owned and controlled by their members. While they originated as elite gentlemen’s clubs requiring election for membership, today’s landscape of private clubs is much more varied.

Modern clubs have discarded many of the class and gender barriers of the past. They offer amenities such as high-quality dining, comfortable lounges, business facilities, and sometimes, venue hire. These clubs balance the allure of exclusive membership with the provision of a range of practical and leisure services catering to their members’ social and professional needs.

Membership and Access

Gaining a private members club membership is often a selective process, reflective of the club’s exclusivity and prestige. Traditionally, membership was based on social standing and required a formal nomination and approval by an existing members’ committee. Today, while some clubs maintain these traditional methods, others have adopted more open and diverse criteria.

Membership fees are a common feature, varying widely depending on the club’s status and the services offered. These fees grant access to the club’s facilities and symbolise a member’s commitment to the club’s values and community. The exclusivity of these clubs is not just in their amenities but in the prestige and networking opportunities they offer to their members.

Facilities and Offerings

Private members clubs offer a unique blend of luxury, exclusivity, and versatility, catering to their members’ varied preferences and necessities. These establishments have evolved to become more than just social hubs; they are now centres of professional, wellness, and family-oriented activities.

Sophisticated Dining and Lounges

These clubs often feature elegant dining areas where members can enjoy gourmet meals. The lounges provide a relaxed atmosphere for socialising, often accompanied by high-quality beverages and bespoke cocktail bars.

Dedicated Workspaces

Addressing the needs of modern professionals, many clubs offer well-equipped workspaces. These areas are designed for productivity and networking, offering a quiet and refined environment for business activities.

Wellness Amenities

A number of clubs, like Cloud Twelve, offer wellness services, including spas, beauty salons, and holistic wellness clinics. These facilities provide a space for relaxation and rejuvenation, contributing to the overall wellbeing of members.

Family-Oriented Services

Recognising the importance of family, some clubs have introduced kids’ clubs and family-friendly activities. These sections of the club offer educational and recreational programs for children, allowing families to enjoy club benefits together.

Cultural and Recreational Activities

Many clubs also host a range of cultural events such as art exhibitions, live music, and speaker series. Recreational facilities like gyms, swimming pools, and sports courts are common, catering to members’ physical fitness and leisure interests.

Reputable Private Members Clubs Around the World

These establishments, scattered across the globe, offer a sanctuary for the elite and a platform for the influential, providing unparalleled experiences that cater to the discerning tastes of their members.

1. Annabel’s, London

Annabel’s, a legendary name in London’s private club scene, is renowned for its opulent decor and an elite roster of members. Established in 1963, it has been a symbol of high society, hosting royalty, celebrities, and business moguls. The club offers an array of dining experiences, from an Italian terrace to an Asian-inspired restaurant, each space uniquely decorated. The nightclub, with its vibrant ambiance, remains a key attraction.

2. R360 Club, Across the US

The R360 Club stands as a unique networking haven for individuals with a net worth exceeding $100 million. Members enjoy access to exclusive investment opportunities, support groups, and private retreats. The club’s ethos revolves around six forms of capital: financial, intellectual, social, human, emotional, and spiritual, aiming to foster a sense of purpose and legacy-building among its members.

3. The 1930 Club, Milan

The 1930 Club in Milan is a clandestine speakeasy, accessible only through a hidden door and known to those in-the-know. With an ambiance reminiscent of the Prohibition era, it offers an intimate setting for its select clientele. The club’s exclusivity is heightened by its small capacity and unique entry process, requiring a password for access.


CORE: in New York City is a contemporary members’ club tailored to the Manhattan elite. Established in the early 2000s, it blends luxury with intellectual and cultural engagement. The club offers spaces for dining, business meetings, and social gatherings, and is known for its high-profile events and talks by prominent figures.

5. Palazzo Tornabuoni, Florence

Set in a historic palace in Florence, Palazzo Tornabuoni is a marriage of Renaissance grandeur and modern luxury. Managed by Four Seasons Hotels and Resorts, it offers private residences and club memberships. Members can indulge in cultural and gastronomic experiences, enjoying facilities like a cigar room, wine cellars, and exclusive events in a historically rich setting.

6. Yacht Club de Monaco, Monaco

Established by Prince Rainier III in 1953, the Yacht Club de Monaco epitomizes maritime elegance and luxury. It’s a gathering spot for yacht enthusiasts and offers facilities like a dedicated marina, clubhouse, and swimming pool. The club balances its rich maritime heritage with a commitment to environmental stewardship and national prestige.

7. Yellowstone Club, Montana

Nestled in the Rocky Mountains, the Yellowstone Club is a private ski, golf, and adventure community. It’s a playground for affluent adventure seekers, offering activities like skiing, golfing, and mountain biking. The club boasts exclusive residences and a limited membership, ensuring privacy and a personalized experience.

8. Silencio, Paris

Founded by filmmaker David Lynch, Silencio in Paris is a sanctuary for the creative community. Inspired by Lynch’s cinematic vision, the club features eclectic decor and a roster of guest performers. It’s a hub for artists, musicians, and designers, fostering a vibrant cultural exchange.

9. 5 Hertford Street, London

A discreet and exclusive establishment in Mayfair, 5 Hertford Street is known for its high-profile clientele and varied facilities. Since its opening in 2012, the club has been a popular spot for celebrities and socialites. It offers luxurious dining options, a cigar shop, and the famous Loulou’s nightclub.

10. 12 Hay Hill, Mayfair, London

Located in the heart of Mayfair, 12 Hay Hill is a modern members’ club catering to business leaders. It combines professional amenities like state-of-the-art workspaces with luxury dining and social spaces, facilitating both business and leisure in an elegant setting.

11. The Twenty Two, Mayfair, London

This club stands out for its architectural beauty and luxurious interiors. It offers a space for upscale dining and cultural events, appealing to those with a taste for art and elegance. Its design and ambiance reflect the sophistication and history of Mayfair.

12. The Sloane Club, Chelsea, London

A tranquil oasis in Chelsea, The Sloane Club blends traditional British elegance with contemporary comforts. The club offers exquisite dining, luxurious accommodations, and a range of cultural activities, making it a preferred choice for those seeking a blend of tradition and modernity.

13. The Conduit, Covent Garden, London

Positioned as a center for global change-makers, The Conduit acts as a melting pot for ideas in business, art, and activism. It’s known for hosting impactful discussions and events, fostering a community dedicated to social and environmental causes.

14. Soho House, Global Locations

With locations across the globe, Soho House caters to individuals in the creative industries. Each club reflects the culture and style of its city, providing spaces for work, dining, and relaxation. Soho House has become synonymous with artistic and media professional gatherings, offering a unique blend of local flavor and international standards.

The Modern Evolution of Private Members Clubs

Private members clubs have adapted to the evolving demands of contemporary society. Traditional clubs, once resistant to technological advancements, have made concessions to modern working practices. This shift is evident in the emergence of business-oriented clubs, which blend the elegance and hospitality of a private members club with the practicality of coworking spaces.

Clubs like the Groucho Club, Soho House, and Home House in London, as well as the CORE Club in New York City, exemplify this trend. These clubs cater to the modern professional by providing spaces for mobile working and comprehensive business facilities. This evolution reflects the changing nature of work and leisure, ensuring that these clubs remain relevant and appealing in a fast-paced, connected world.

Impact of Private Members Clubs on Culture and Society

Cultural Influence: Private members clubs have significantly influenced various aspects of culture and society. These clubs often become hubs for artistic and intellectual exchange, hosting events such as art exhibitions, literary discussions, and musical performances. They have historically served as breeding grounds for cultural movements and provided platforms for influential figures in arts and politics.

Social Networking: Beyond leisure and business, these clubs play a crucial role in social networking. They facilitate connections among members from diverse industries, creating opportunities for collaborations and partnerships. The networking aspect is particularly valuable for members seeking to expand their professional and social horizons.

Community Engagement: Some clubs have evolved to emphasise community involvement and philanthropy. They organise charity events and support local initiatives, reinforcing their role as responsible and integral parts of the wider community.


How long does it typically take to become a member of a private members club?

The duration varies by club but can range from a few weeks to several months, depending on the club’s membership process and waiting list.

Can memberships to private members clubs be transferred or inherited?

Generally, memberships are non-transferable and non-inheritable, as they are often tied to the individual member’s application and approval.

Are guests allowed in private members clubs?

Most clubs do allow guests, but they usually must be accompanied by a member and may be subject to certain restrictions or guest fees.

What happens if a member violates the club’s rules or code of conduct?

Violations can lead to warnings, temporary suspensions, or even permanent expulsion from the club, depending on the severity of the breach.

Do private members clubs participate in reciprocal agreements with other clubs?

Many private members clubs have reciprocal arrangements with similar clubs around the world, allowing members to access facilities at these partner clubs.

What is the joining Fee?

The joining fee will depend completely on the club, the level of membership and usually the location.


The enduring appeal of private members clubs lies in their unique blend of tradition, exclusivity, and contemporary relevance. These clubs have evolved from their elite, male-dominated origins to become inclusive spaces catering to diverse social, professional, and lifestyle needs. Today, they are symbols of historical significance and modern adaptability, offering environments where tradition meets innovation. As society continues to evolve, private members clubs are likely to adapt, maintaining their allure and status as coveted sanctuaries for networking, relaxation, and cultural engagement.